Copper mining deals are off to the best start in at least 12 years -- and more money could be pouring into the sector this year.

More than $500 million in transactions are pending or were completed so far this month, the most recorded for January in Bloomberg data going back 12 years. Merger interest is picking up after years of under-investment limited mining companies’ capacity to meet rising demand for the metal, Stephen Gill, a managing partner at Pala Investments, said by phone.

“We see the large mining companies indicating their need to buy growth,” said Gill, whose mining and metals-focused investment company is the biggest shareholder in Nevada Copper Corp. “Due to years of under-investment, their project pipelines are now empty and can only be replenished through acquisition as it takes years to develop, permit and build a new copper mine.”

The appetite for copper-mining assets is surging after prices climbed the most in seven years in 2017 amid disruptions that widened the shortfall in supply. While the rally has faltered since prices climbed to a three-year high in late December, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. analysts say the outlook remains positive. Signs of synchronized global growth also are boosting demand prospects, highlighting the need to bring new copper projects online soon. The metal headed for its first weekly gain this year despite a decline Friday.

Production trailed consumption by 175,000 metric tons in the first 10 months of last year, according to the International Copper Study Group. The deficit widened from 143,000 tons in the same period a year earlier, after a labor strike at BHP Billiton Ltd.’s Escondida mine in Chile and a temporary ban on concentrate shipments from Freeport-McMoRan Inc.’s Grasberg curtailed supply in the early part of 2017, the study group said.

There may be more supply troubles brewing. More than 30 labor contracts are up for negotiations this year in Chile and Peru, putting almost one-fifth of global copper supply at risk of disruption this year, Bloomberg Intelligence analysts Andrew Cosgrove and Eily Ong estimated.

“People forgot about the depleting copper mines or the grades declining at a large amount of the copper mines, plus the elevated strike risk which is occurring in the industry,” Ivan Glasenberg, chief executive officer of Glencore Plc, said in an investor meeting in December.

Over the next decade, the market would need 5 million tons of copper from new mines to meet growing demand, Freeport CEO Richard Adkerson said Thursday, citing Wood Mackenzie estimates. New projects being developed have lower ore grade, he said.

‘Real Absence’

“There is a real absence of major new projects on the horizon,” Adkerson said on the company’s fourth-quarter earnings call. “Supply’s reflecting a very long period of under-investments. And even as we speak today with higher prices, we don’t see a wave of new investments being started immediately.”

The combined capital spending of copper producers tracked by Bloomberg Intelligence has plunged by more than half to $52.3 billion last year, from almost $129 billion four years earlier.

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