Cobalt supply pressures rising amid DRC conflict mineral concerns

JOHANNESBURG ( – Technology and clean technology companies are increasingly struggling to secure adequate supplies of cobalt, while the ethical sourcing of cobalt also remains a challenge.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) provides about two-thirds of the world’s cobalt supplies, but traceability of origin and governance in the supply chain are severely deficient, says Africapractice.

“At present, appetite for cobalt-specific legislation is weak, owing to the negative market reaction to the introduction of the Dodd-Frank Act in 2010, which affected tungsten, tantalum, tin and gold (3TG) mining in the DRC, and US President Donald Trump administration’s planned rollback of the Act.

“However, as exposed by various nongovernmental organisation and media investigations, to date, the nature of the mineral’s value chain and the fact that cobalt from artisanal mines can change hands several times before being mixed with ‘clean’ ore prior to smelting, indicates the challenge companies face in their efforts to responsibly source the mineral. In anticipation of public pressure and eventual regulations, private sector actors are already seeking work-arounds,” it notes in a new report.

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